Russian Nuclear in Eastern and Central Africa

Russian Nuclear in Eastern and Central Africa


With a population of about 14 million people and a GDP growth of 7% per year, since the last 7 years, and reserves of copper, cobalt, unexplored uranium deposits, coal, lead, zinc, gold, silver, antimony, indium. Zambia illustrates a strong potential for growth.

The demand for electricity in the country is growing by 5-6% per year and hydropower is not enough to match the economic expansion. Zambia already agreed to build a  10 MW research reactor with Rosatom.



The population in Ethiopia,  is 100 million people, surrounded by many rivers with a rapid current, and it shares the Nile river and neighbouring lakes with Egypt, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Kenya, Burundi, and Sudan. In the early 2000s, Ethiopia relied on the development of hydropower.  The potential of hydro resources of Ethiopia is at least 40 GW. In 2016, the authorities of the country began the preliminary negotiations with Rosatom.

In the next 10 years Russia will start building a nuclear power plant in this country, and signed last year a program of training and development in other areas, such as nuclear medicine, isotope production and agriculture.



The population of 30 million people after the separation of Southern Sudan with an increase of 2.5% per year, half of which live in cities.

The main buyer of Sudanese oil has become China, which invests in the development of not only the oil industry but also other industries, such as Hydropower.

But Sudan does not have enough electricity and half of the population has no electricity at all.  In 2010, the IAEA approved eight Sudanese projects for the use of nuclear energy – in health, ecology and education.

In 2016, the Sudan signed two framework agreements on the construction of a 600 MW nuclear power plant and on assistance in planning the organization of the country’s nuclear power with China National Nuclear Corporation.

A couple of months later the government of Sudan informed the Russian government about its interest in cooperation with Russia in the construction of nuclear power plants and the production of nuclear fuel based on Sudanese uranium reserves. Furthermore, Sudan seeks Russian expertise in the construction of a research reactor for the production of medical isotopes, but also to improve its infrastructure and to optimize the use of its hydropower portfolio.

About Author

Arnaud Lefevre

Arnaud Lefevre is the Chief Executive Officer of Dynatom International. Arnaud is in charge of the international development of the business portfolio.